RIS-formatet - detaljer

A resume of Reference Managers own specifications | - og de andre taggede formater

Each reference is composed of a variable number of fields; and each field is preceded by a six-character label or "tag." Some tags are specific only to certain reference types. Each tag must be in a specific format, and certain other rules apply to all tags. This information is provided below.

  • Tag Format: Each six-character tag must be in the following format:
  • Character 1-2: Uppercase alphabetic character, specific to each field type. (These are described in the following sections.)
  • Characters 3-6: Space, space, dash, space ( - )
  • Use separate lines for each tag: Each tag and its contents must be on a separate line, preceded by a "carriage return/line feed" (ANSI 13 10).
  • Tag order: Except for the first tag of each reference, which must be "TY - " and the last tag of each reference, which must be "ER - ," the tags within each reference can be in any order.
  • Characters allowed in fields: The characters allowed in the reference ID fields can be in the set "0" through "9," or "A" through "Z." The characters allowed in all other fields can be in the set from "space" (character 32) to character 255 in the IBM ExtendedCharacter Set. Note, however, that the asterisk (character 42) is not allowed in the author, keywords or periodical name fields.
  • How to handle long fields: If the information following any one tag is more than 70 characters long, it is allowable (though not necessary) to insert a carriage return/line feed at the end of 70 characters, and continue on the next line.
  • "ER - " End of reference. Must be the last tag in a reference.
  • "ID - " Reference ID. (Note that any information in this field is not imported by Capture.)

Titles

  • "T1 - ", "TI - ", "CT - ", "BT - " Title Primary. Note that the BT tag maps to this field only for Whole Book and Unpublished Work references. This field can contain alphanumeric characters; there is no practical length limit to this field
  • "T2 - ", "BT - " Title Secondary. Note that the BT tag maps to this field for all reference types except for Whole Book and Unpublished Work references. This field can contain alphanumeric characters up to 16K in length
  • "T3 - " Title Series. This field can contain alphanumeric characters; there is no practical length limit to this field.

Authors

  • "A1 - ", "AU - " Author Primary. Each author must be on a separate line, preceded by this tag. Each reference can contain from 0 to 255 author fields, and can contain up to 255 characters for each field. The author name must be in the following syntax: Lastname,Firstname,Suffix For Firstname, you can use full names, initials, or both. The format for the author's first name is as follows: Heim,S.K. or Heim,Susan Kay or Heim,Susan K. Lastname = Any string of letters, spaces, and hyphens Firstname = Any string of letters, spaces, and hyphens Initial = Any single letter followed by a period Full Name = Any string of letters, spaces, and hyphens Suffix = Jr./Sr/II/III/MD etc. (Kenney,N.B.,Jr.); use of the suffix is optional
  • "A2 - ", "ED - " Author Secondary. Each author must be on a separate line, preceded by this tag. Each reference can contain from 0 to 255 author fields. The author name must be in the correct syntax (refer to A1 and AU fields). This author name can be up to 255 characters long.
  • "A3 - " Author Series. Each author must be on a separate line, preceded by this tag. Each reference can contain from 0 to 255 author fields. The author name must be in the correct syntax (refer to A1 and AU fields). Each author name can be up to 255 characters long.

Year and Free Text Fields

  • "Y1 - ", "PY - " Date Primary. This date must be in the following format: YYYY/MM/DD/other info The year, month and day fields are all numeric. The other info field can be any string of letters, spaces and hyphens. Note that each specific date information is optional, however the slashes ("/") are not. For example, if you just had the <year> and <other info>, then the output would look like: "1998///Spring."
  • "Y2 - " Date Secondary. (Refer to Y1 and PY fields)
  • "N1 - ", "AB - " Notes. These are free text fields and can contain alphanumeric characters; there is no practical length limit to this field
  • "N2 - " Abstract. This is a free text field and can contain alphanumeric characters; there is no practical length limit to this field.

Keywords and Reprint Status

  • "KW - " Keywords. Each keyword or phrase must be on its own line, preceded by this tag. A keyword can consist of multiple words (phrases) and can be up to 255 characters long. There can be 0 to 255 keywords in a reference
  • "RP - " Reprint status. This optional field can contain one of three status notes. Each must be in uppercase, and the date after "ON REQUEST" must be in USA format, in parentheses: (MM/DD/YY). If this field is blank in your downloaded text file, Capture assumes the reprint status is “NOT IN FILE.” The three options are: IN FILE - This is for references that you have a physical copy of in your files. NOT IN FILE - This is for references that you do not have physical copies of in your files. ON REQUEST (mm/dd/yy) - This means that you have sent for a reprint of the reference; the date is the date on which the reprint was requested (in mm/dd/yy format).

Periodical Tags

  • "JF - " Periodical name: full format. This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "JO - ", "JA - " Periodical name: standard abbreviation. This is the periodical in which the article was (or is to be, in the case of in-press references) published. This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters. If possible, periodical names should be abbreviated inthe Index Medicus style, with periods after the abbreviations. If this is notpossible (your large bibliography file in WordPerfect has no periods after abbreviations), you can use the "RIS Format (Adds periods)" Capture definition. This definition uses the periodical name abbreviation dictionary
  • "J1 - " Periodical name: user abbreviation 1. This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "J2 - " Periodical name: user abbreviation 2. This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "VL - " Volume number. This is an optional field, consisting of up to 255 alphanumeric characters
  • "IS - ", "CP - " Issue. This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "SP - " Start page number; an alphanumeric string, up to 255 characters long
  • "EP - " Ending page number, as above. This field, up to 255 characters long, is an optional field
  • "CY - " City of publication; this is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "PB - " Publisher; this is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "SN - " ISSN/ISBN. This field can contain up to 255 alphanumeric characters
  • "AD - " Address. This is a free text field and contain alphanumeric characters; there is no practical length limit to this field.

Misc. Tags

  • "AV - " Availability characters
  • "M1 - " - "U5 - " Miscellaneous 1(-5). This field can contain up to 255 alphanumeric characters
  • "U1 - " - "U5 - " User definable 1(-5). This is an alphanumeric field of up to 255 characters
  • "UR - " Web/URL. This field can contain up to 255 characters.

Appendix 1: Field Names

The following describes the valid reference type field names that can be used with for the reference type field when importing references into Reference Manager.

Field Name Reference Type

  • ABST Abstract
  • ADVS Audiovisual material
  • ART Art Work
  • BILL Bill/Resolution
  • BOOK Book, Whole
  • CASE Case
  • CHAP Book chapter
  • COMP Computer program
  • CONF Conference proceeding
  • CTLG Catalog
  • DATA Data file
  • ELEC Electronic Citation
  • GEN Generic
  • HEAR Hearing
  • ICOMM Internet Communication
  • INPR In Press
  • JFULL Journal (full)
  • JOUR Journal
  • MAP Map
  • MGZN Magazine article
  • MPCT Motion picture
  • MUSIC Music score
  • NEWS Newspaper
  • PAMP Pamphlet
  • PAT Patent
  • PCOMM Personal communication
  • RPRT Report
  • SER Serial (Book, Monograph)
  • SLIDE Slide
  • SOUND Sound recording
  • STAT Statute
  • THES Thesis/Dissertation
  • UNBILl Unenacted bill/resolution
  • UNPB Unpublished work
  • VIDEO Video recording
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